[H-verkko] Helsinki, The 18th Century Baltic: Seafaring, Technology and Interaction

agricola at utu.fi agricola at utu.fi
Ke Nov 14 10:43:15 EET 2012

Agricolan tapahtumakalenteriin on lähetetty uusi ilmoitus:

The 18th Century Baltic: Seafaring, Technology and Interaction

Helsinki, Yliopistonkatu 3
23.11.2012 klo 10:00

Interdisciplinary meeting in maritime history and maritime archaeology at the
University of Helsinki


Friday, 23rd of November, 2012 from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. 

University of Helsinki, Porhania, PII, Yliopistonkatu 3

Free admission, no registration

The founding of St Petersburg in 1703 was a major turning at the Baltic Region.
The narrow and notorious route through the Gulf of Finland to the rising capital
of Russia became one of the most important passages in the world. The Dutch
dominated the shipping to the mid18th century, but the British merchantmen were
tracking and took the leading role towards the end of the century. The increase
in tonnage meant increase in the amount of shipwrecks. Dutch merchantmen
carrying their luxury cargoes to St Petersburg sailed in extremely difficult
conditions. Disasters were common. On the other hand, to the coastal people
wrecks were a gift from heaven and to the salvation companies (est.1734)
lucrative venture.

 Despite of the difficulties in shipping the Dutch and British naval innovations
diffused in pace with seafaring. Dutch saw-mills, wind power and fishing
technologies, not to forget the pioneering role of the Dutch as coastal mappers
and the British as scientific ship designers, were introduced at the Baltic
region, e.g. in Narva,  St Petersburg and Sveaborg. 
 The seminar will focus on the following themes:

Seafaring, accidents at sea and shipwrecks at the Gulf of Finland
The diffusion of innovations and mechanism of interaction in the Baltic
Maritime and coastal infrastructure (ships, passages, beacons, piloting, salvage
companies and technologies) of the 18th century Finnish Gulf/Baltic
Ship as a social microcosm
Charts, pilot guides and coastal mapping
Shipwrecks as historical source material


10.00             Opening.Professor, Head of Department, Hannes
Saarinen, University of Helsinki

10.20             Professor Jari Ojala, University of Jyväskylä
and BA Lauri Karvonen: Assessing the Reliability of the Sound Toll Accounts:
Comparing the Data to the Swedish and Portuguese Sources

10.40             Researcher Riikka Alvik, Vrouw Maria Underwater
-project: The Cargoes of Dutch Merchant Ships in the 18th Century Baltic: Case
studies St. Michel and Vrouw Maria

11.00             Discussion

11.15             Break

 11.50             Associate Professor Alexei Kraikovsky, University
of St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland – mechanisms of

12. 30            Researcher Minna Leino, National Board of
Antiquities: Maritime Sveaborg, remains in the Underwater Landscape - The
diffusion of innovations and mechanism of interaction in the Baltic and
Shipwrecks as historical source material

12.50             Discussion

13.10             Break

14.40             Dr James Davey, National Maritime Museum: The
Advancement of Nautical Knowledge: The Royal Navy and the Charting of the Baltic
Sea 1795-1815

15.20             Professor emeritus Yrjö Kaukiainen, University of
Helsinki: Between the Devil and the Shallow Dark Sea: 18th-century hazards of
navigation in the Gulf of Finland

15.40             Discussion

16.00             Break
 16.30 PhD Marcus Hjulhammar, Statens Maritima Museer / Swedish National
Maritime Museums: Stockholm från sjösidan / Stockholm seen by the sea

17.00             Docent Mikko Huhtamies, University of Helsinki:
Shipwrecks and salvage companies in the Gulf of Finland (1700-1800)

17.20             Discussion

Tiedustelut: Amanuenssi Tytti Steel (tytti.steel at helsinki.fi), puhelin +358 9
191 23784
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